Sam Nunn School of International Affairs
Visiting Fellow, European Union Center, National University of Singapore/Nanyang Technological Uni.
Director, Southeast Asia Study Abroad Program
Visiting Research Scholar, Graduate School of Law & Politics, The University of Tokyo, Fall 2008.
Ph.D., UCLA, Political Science
Joined faculty in
International Relations Theory, Institution-Building in Europe and Asia-Pacific, Conceptualizations of Sovereignty, Non-Traditional Security Challenges (Responsibility to Protect), and German Foreign Policy.
Ivan Allen, Jr. Legacy Award for Faculty Excellence 2005
Nominee CETL/BP Junior Faculty Teaching Excellence Award
Grants from GT FIRE, the Georgia Tech Foundation, Ivan Allen College, Dean’s Small Grant for Scholarship, the American Political Science Association, the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the Frances Wood Wilson Foundation, the Social Science Research Council Berlin Program, the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, and the Coca Cola Foundation (with Kirk Bowman & Brian Woodall).
Current and recent projects
"The EU, China, and Southeast Asia: Dichotomous Views on Dealing with Human Security"
This paper takes a closer look at China, the European Union, and the ASEAN countries’ respective approaches to dealing with non-traditional security (NTS) challenges in the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF). It argues that, although all see the need for multilateral solutions to fight organized crime, provide disaster relief, combat terrorism, etc., they differ with respect to the steps to be taken to protect human security. China, initially hesitant to join for fear that other ARF members might try to contain it, has come to value the principal forum for security cooperation in Asia-Pacific since, like many of the ASEAN members of the ARF, it is a big proponent of non-interventionism, non-use of force, consensus decision-making, that is, the confidence-building mechanisms commonly referred to as the “ASEAN way.” The EU, as a strong proponent of human rights and the rule of law, repeatedly, has criticized ARF members for allowing sovereignty-related norms to get in the way of the protection of human rights, but it has refrained from assuming the role of norm exporter. As will be seen in the case of Myanmar, the EU does make its opinions heard but, cognizant of the history of the region and cultural relativism, for the most part, settles for supporting economic development and aiding in capacity-building, understanding that it would be counter-productive to exert pressure on reluctant ARF members to modify the non-interference norm. A final section speculates about the “ASEAN way’s” longevity. Even though it, to some extent, gives China and many ASEAN members of the ARF common ground and limits the EU's role within the ARF, increasingly, there are internal and external dynamics that seem to indicate that the “ASEAN way,” at least in its current form, may not be here to stay.
Prof. Paul Kowert, Dept. of International Relations, Florida International University
Prof. Mark Hallerberg, Dept. of Public Management and Political Economy, Hertie School of Governance, Berlin, Germany
Recent and selected publications
"The EU, China and Southeast Asia: Dichotomous Views on Dealing with Human Security," in Jan Wouters, Jean Christophe Defraigne and Matthieu Burnay, eds., EU-China and the World: Analyzing the Relations with the Developing and Emerging Countries (forthcoming).
"The ASEAN Regional Forum and the EU’s Role in Promoting Security in Asia Pacific," in Thomas Christiansen, Emil Kirchner and Philomena Murray, eds., Handbook of EU-Asia Relations (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
"Recalibrating Sovereignty-Related Norms: Europe, Asia and Non-Traditional Security Challenges," Journal of European Integration, (electronic version published 27 July 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07036337.2012.661422, printed version Spring 2013).
"Lessons From the ASEAN Regional Forum: Transcending the Image of Paper Tiger?" in Emil Kirchner and Roberto Dominguez, eds., The Security Governance of Regional Organizations, (Routledge, 2011).
"East Asian Security Revisited in Light of the European Experience" (co-authored w/ Jonathan Huang), Issues and Studies, vol. 46, no. 1: 89-121, (March 2010).
"Greater China and Its Neighbors in Comparative Perspective: Lessons from Europe?” in Sujian Guo and Baogang Guo, eds., Greater China in an Era of Globalization (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers-Lexington, 2010).
"European Security Integration: Lessons for East Asia?” Joaquin Roy and Robert Dominguez, eds., Regional Integration Fifty Years after the Treaty of Rome: The EU, Asia, Africa and the Americas. (Coral Gables, FL: Jean Monnet Chair, University of Miami, 2008).
Governing Europe's Neighborhood: Partners or Periphery?, Co-edited with Michael Smith and Michael Baun (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007).
Cultures of Order: Leadership, Language, and Social Reconstruction in Germany and Japan, co-authored with Paul Kowert (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2007).
Hierarchy Amidst Anarchy: Transaction Costs and Institutional Choice (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000).
International Studies Association
European Union Studies Association